Saturday, February 28, 2009
Belive it or not,Babies are sensitive to music even while sleeping.A new study,funded by European Union,has shown that newborns have a sense of pitch from birth is not something,and it is not something learned through experience as earlier believed-in fact,infants are even sensitive to the beat in music."The bottom line is e come into the world with brains that are continually looking for patterns,and telling us when there is something unexpected we should learn about," this was experimented with sleeping babies were hooked up to an encephalograph,an instrument that measures brain activity.
Then the babies were presented with sequences of sounds of different tone color but all the same pitch.They were sensitive to and whether they would predict what was coming next based on what had gone before Occasionally ,you play a sound of a different pitch and watch EEG to see if they produce a distinctive reaction to this sound.And the results revealed that babies have a sense of pitch from birth.
Thursday, February 26, 2009
An eerie nightglow on th planet Venus has appeared at least twice to a European spacecraft,tough a human would need in frared eyes to spot it.previously reported glows have revealed the chemical breakdown of Venus atmosphere.But this latest sighting represents a newly discovered nightglow caused by nitric oxide in the planet's atmosphere, and has proven useful for observing Venus atmosphere.The nightglow can give us a lot of information,said Antonio Garcia Munoz.,a former researcher at Australian National University who has since relocated to the instituto de Astrofisica Canarias n Spain.
Europe Venus Express spotted the nightglow with visible and infrared thermal imaging spectrometer(VIRTIS)instrument to record the nitric oxide levels on planets below.On Earth,the molecule can be found as a pollutant from cigarette smoke,car emissions and power plants.The phenomenon speaks to the on-going violence of the sun's ultraviolet light pummeling the planetary atmosphere,which breaks up molecules and atoms these fragments may recombine into molecules such as nitric oxide,and give us energy in the form of light.
Previous Venus nightglows from oxygen and hydroxyl molecules have been detected from 56 - 62 miles up in the planet's atmosphere.Nitric oxide light emissions have appeared slightly higher at the 68 to 75 mile range.
Venus is the second planet from the sun, and is about the same size as Earth., but is 67 million miles from the Sun, as opposed to our 93 million miles, and has a year 225 days long. But it takes more than a year for a day—that is, it takes 243 days to rotate once. It is hot, about 860°F (460°C), enough to melt lead, with clouds of sulfuric acid, and an atmosphere 96% carbon dioxide resulting in a surface pressure 90 times that of Earth. Venus is Hell, and is furthermore said to be the #1 UFO false alarm, because it can be seven times brighter than any other star or planet. I haven’t, but, with a practiced eye, you can actually see Venus in broad daylight.
This has all to do with runaway positive feedback (RPF). A well known example of RPF is the howling sound from an audio system. Negative feedback is good, as for example, in an air conditioner, which turns the cool off when a certain minimum temperature is reached, and then turns it back on, when a certain maximum temperature is reached. Positive feedback usually destabilizes systems. An example of positive feedback is when a heater reaches a maximum temperature, and the system reacts by adding more heat. This is what is happening in global climate warming. Our civilization is insanely contributing to positive feedback by burning more fossil fuels. But is there any danger of a runaway?
Theoretically, according to a NASA study, evaporation loads the atmosphere with water vapor, which traps thermal energy coming from the Earth, and in a chain reaction loop, results in further warming of the ocean, leading to higher evaporation rates, trapping more water vapor, etc. However, it just turns out that sea surface temperatures never reach more than about 87°F (27°C), the critical temperature at which a runaway effect could occur. On Earth, today, we are, maybe, safe, if there were no human activity.
Wednesday, February 25, 2009
It was comfortable for New Zealand in last movement of McCullum batted through, playing a sensible hand, without heating any shot too early in his innings. He was helped by a solid show from the rest of the batsmen, as partnerships of 54, 50 and 60 show.
Mahendra Singh Dhoni and Irfan Pathan failed to support Raina and their dismissals left
SK Raina- 61 V.Sehwag –26
IE O'Brien– 4-0-36-2 IG Butler– 49-0-29-2
BB McCullum- 56 MJ Guptill– 41
Z Khan– 4-0-20-1 I Sharma– 4-0-35-1.
"I think most of the batsmen batted brilliantly but the mistake we committed was that we went with the momentum. Maybe one of the batsmen could have realised that we had got off to a flier and stayed put at the crease," said Dhoni.
"Throughout the IPL and Twenty20 games we have seen that even if you bat out 20 overs, you don't score more than 200 runs.
"So you have to realise whether you are happy with a score of 180 or 190. Or whether you look for those extra 25 runs which we don't actually need and end up getting 160-odd, a total which is difficult for the bowlers to defend in conditions like these and on wickets that are placid," Dhoni said.
Commending New Zealand for their measured approach, Dhoni said, "They got a good start though they didn't get off to a flier like us. One thing is for sure, in Twenty20 we need wickets in hand at the end and that's what they did. If you have five wickets in hand in the last five overs, I think you have an upper hand."
On whether India were short of a seamer today, Dhoni said, "This is the kind of team that we have always played with where an extra spinner or a part-time spinner has contributed. If we play an extra seamer the batting is not as long and deep as you would prefer in a Twenty20 game. I was quite happy with the kind of combination that we played with," said Dhoni.
"The bowlers did a fantastic job, especially Harbhajan Singh, who was playing after a long time. He was in good rhythm and was bowling the yorker superbly. Zaheer Khan and Ishant Sharma contributed as well," Dhoni said.
Taking stock of the seven-wicket defeat, Dhoni said, "One area we need to improve upon is analysing the situation. I think most of the batsmen batted well and were looking in good nick. At times you have to analyse whether you are happy with the extra 25 runs or get to a total your bowlers can defend.
"One thing for sure is we have learnt a lot from our mistakes. We are a good side that learns very quickly. Fortunately, we have youngsters who are willing to learn from the mistakes. If we don't commit these mistakes again we have a very good chance," Dhoni said.
Asked if New Zealand would have the psychological edge after winning the tour opener, Dhoni said, "New Zealand know that if we don't commit these mistakes again, they will have to chase a big score. It's not about putting pressure on the opposition but about performing on the field. You can win a game with a big margin but the next day again it's a fresh start where you have to do it all over again.
Monday, February 23, 2009
A.R.Rahman wins 2 Oscar awrards he is first one who got oscar from India.Totally 24 awrads were given in that 8 Awards to Slumdog Millionare in that Rahman got 2. Rahman works on five or six films a year, juggling several at a time in various stages of completion. While unheard of in Hollywood, that pace is common in India, and Mr. Rahman has made his share of modern classics.
Mr. Rahman was playing professional sessions by age 11 and soon had a rock band. He received a scholarship to the Trinity College of Music in London, and upon his return to India began composing commercial jingles.
He didn’t have an acceptance speech ready, he said, and his days in Los Angeles before the awards were packed with activity, including a performance of “Jai Ho” on “The Tonight Show” on Thursday, meetings with various directors and record labels, and filming the video of a Pussycat Dolls remix of “Jai Ho.”
When the evening kicked off, did you think you would end the night with two Oscars?
I had very little expectation to win anything so I was concentrating on the performance. When the first award was announced I was almost mute and then I went on to perform. After the performance when the second award was presented, that’s when I realised the enormity of the occasion. I'm very grateful to all the prayers and wishes of the people in India and the world who have appreciated my music.
What was your favourite moment at the awards?
I really loved having the kids who acted in Slumdog there. The way the kids came in was wonderful and it was so moving. In fact, they were so touched, it was such a big moment for them too that they were all crying in the end.
Are there any plans for a celebration back here in India?
Yes, absolutely. I actually want to host a celebration honouring all the musicians, singers, lyric writers and everyone else from the music industry who has worked with me from the time of my first film Roja. I’ve had this in mind for a while now and since the Oscars have happened, I think its apt to have it now.
The song Jai Ho has become the anthem of the nation. What does it mean to you now?
I always believe that words have a power and that's the reason I sometimes fight with lyricists and tell them not to put negative words in songs. Words mock the action and intention of real life according to me. Subhash Ghai was the one who suggested that I should have a song with the words Jai Ho. So when I read the script of Slumdog I thought it would fit in well. Danny loved it too. There was another song in the contention but I believe it was the destiny of this song to be felicitated.
This success opens many doors for you, will Bollywood continue to be the main focus for you?
Well, I've taken advances and spent them already. [Laughs] So I need to do those films
It is a good starting point. I see this as a bridge for the Indian industry to go truly global. Earlier, there was an aversion when a different kind of cinema was played in America and this actually led to a collusion. Now that Hollywood. has accepted Slumdog, I think it sets a trend. If we make more films that can appeal to a global audience then many more Indians can cross over to the international film industries.
What are the perceptions about India in Hollywood and how will this change now?
Everyone treats each other as equals here. think this is a great start and a great time to do some original and credible work and push the envelop to take the Indian film industry to a great height.
Allah Rakha Rahman was born A.S. Dileep Kumar on January 6, 1966, in Madras (now Chennai), India, to a musically affluent family. Dileep started learning the piano at the age of 4, and at the age of 9, his father passed away. Since the pressure of supporting his family fell on him, he joined Ilayaraja's troupe as a keyboard player at the age of 11. He dropped out of school as a result of this and traveled all around the world with various orchestras.
He accompanied the great tabla maestro Zakir Hussain on a few world tours and also won a scholarship at the Trinity College of Music at Oxford University, where he studied Western classical music and obtained a degree in music. Due to some personal crisis, Dileep Kumar embraced Islam and came to be known as A.R. Rahman. In 1987, he moved to advertising, where he composed more than 300 jingles over 5 years. In 1989, he started a small studio called Panchathan Record Inn, which later developed into one of the most well-equipped and advanced sound recording studios in India.
At an advertising awards function, Rahman met one of India's most famous directors, Mani Ratnam. Rahman played him a few of his music samples. Mani loved them so much that he asked Rahman to compose the music for his next film, Roja (1992). The rest, as they say, is history. He went on to compose several great hits for Tamil-language films before composing the score and songs for his first Hindi-language film, Rangeela (1995). The enormous success of his first Hindi venture was followed by the chart-topping soundtrack albums of films such as Bumbai (1995) , Dil Se.. (1998), Taal (1999), Zubeidaa (2001), and Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India (2001), which was nominated for best foreign-language film at the 2002 Academy Awards.
Sunday, February 22, 2009
The most recognized trophy in the world, the Oscar statuette has stood on the mantels of the greatest filmmakers in history since 1929.
Shortly after the formation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1927, the fledgling organization held a dinner in the Crystal Ballroom of the Biltmore Hotel in downtown Los Angeles to set out its goals. Among the topics discussed that night was how best to honor outstanding moviemaking achievements and thereby encourage excellence in all facets of motion picture production.
Agreeing to institute an annual award, the group turned its attention to creating a suitably majestic trophy. MGM art director Cedric Gibbons designed a statuette of a knight standing on a reel of film gripping a crusader’s sword. The Academy tapped Los Angeles sculptor George Stanley to realize the design in three dimensions – and the world-renowned statuette was born.
Oscar Statuette Facts
Official Name: Academy Award® of Merit
Height: 13½ inches
Weight: 8½ pounds
Number of Awards Presented: 2,701
First Recipient: Emil Jannings, named Best Actor for his performances in “The Last Command” and “The Way of All Flesh” in 1929
Design: A knight holding a crusader’s sword, standing on a reel of film. The film reel features five spokes, signifying the five original branches of the Academy (actors, directors, producers, technicians and writers).
Designer: Cedric Gibbons, chief art director at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Sculptor: Los Angeles artist George Stanley
Manufacturer: R. S. Owens & Company in Chicago
Manufacturing Time: 3–4 weeks for 50 statuettes
The Stuff that Dreams are Made Of
The statuettes presented at the initial ceremonies were gold-plated solid bronze. Within a few years the bronze was abandoned in favor of britannia metal, a pewter-like alloy which is then plated in copper, nickel silver, and finally, 24-karat gold. Due to a metal shortage during World War II, Oscars® were made of painted plaster for three years. Following the war, the Academy invited recipients to redeem the plaster figures for gold-plated metal ones.
Achievements in up to 25 regular categories will be honored on February 22, 2009, at the 81st Academy Awards presentation at the Kodak Theatre at Hollywood & Highland Center®. However, the Academy won’t know how many statuettes it will hand out until the envelopes are opened on Oscar Night®. Although the number of categories and special awards are known in advance, the possibility of ties and of multiple recipients sharing the prize in some categories makes it impossible to predict the exact number of statuettes to be awarded. As in previous years, any surplus awards will be housed in the Academy’s vault until next year’s event.
More than 80 years after that auspicious gathering in Hollywood, Oscar’s success as a symbol of filmmaking achievement would probably amaze those who attended the dinner, as it would its designer, Cedric Gibbons.WINNERS